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Utah's tracking of electric vehicles raises privacy concerns for owners

Floyd McDermott of Bountiful worried about privacy and security as the state tracks electric vehicles. (Josh Szymanic, KSL-TV)



Estimated read time: 3-4 minutes

BOUNTIFUL — Utah is tracking the movements of those who drive electric cars as it looks for a way to take in tax money.

More electric vehicles mean less gas tax revenue, but is that solution safe?

It has a Bountiful man worried about privacy and security, so he called the KSL Investigators to look into it.

Most of the money used to build and maintain our roads comes from the tax we pay with every gallon of gas we pump. But when electric vehicles hit the road, it created an issue.

Suddenly, you have thousands of cars that are using state roads but not paying for them. So, the Utah Legislature came up with a solution, but it is one that has raised privacy concerns.

When Floyd McDermott bought his set of electric wheels, the state issued him a track that logs his car's movements and then sends him a bill – 1 1/2 cents for every mile driven.

"I was concerned about some privacy issues," McDermott said about the device.

In addition to tracking his movements, the gizmo communicates with an app McDermott said he was instructed to download to his smartphone.

He worries a breach in the app's security could leave his phone exposed.

"Can somebody, through a back door, get into my cellphone and find out what's going on with me that I don't want them to know?" McDermott asked.

"We have taken every measure possible to make sure that data protection is secure," said Tiffany Pocock, program manager for the Utah Department of Transportation's Road Usage Charge.

She said UDOT took great care to make sure the driving data collected by those trackers is secure.


We have taken every measure possible to make sure that data protection is secure.

–Tiffany Pocock, UDOT


"We partnered with some industry leaders that have been doing tolling and data security data privacy for a long time," she explained.

In fact, Pocock said UDOT does not even have access to GPS data. It can only see how many miles are logged so they can send out bills.

As for the phone app, it is for the driver to see their mileage for themselves, but there is no need to download it.

"The device itself has a cell chip that's talking right to the account manager," said Pocock. "It's not connected to your phone."

But, perhaps most importantly, the state knew this program would not sit well with some people worried about privacy, and since data security can never be 100% guaranteed, lawmakers built in an out.

Related:

Rather than paying 1 1/2 cents per mile, a driver can choose not to install the tracker and instead pay a flat rate — $20, $52 or $120 per year, depending on the type of car.

"It's a voluntary program," affirmed Pocock.

Still, UDOT's answers do not alleviate McDermott's concerns. He told the KSL Investigators he will return the tracker and pay that flat rate.

"I'm going to pay the $52 and get out of the program," he said. "I'm not even going to worry about it."

For people who don't put a lot of miles on their electric vehicles, going with the tracker chip will be cheaper than paying a flat rate. And, that flat rate is not set in stone. In fact, it has already gone up in 2020 and 2021.

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