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(CNN) — Calling Islamic extremism a disease, Saudi Arabia has announced the formation of a coalition of 34 predominately Muslim nations to fight terrorism.
"This announcement comes from the Islamic world's vigilance in fighting this disease so it can be a partner, as a group of countries, in the fight against this disease," Saudi Deputy Crown Prince and Defense Minister Mohammed bin Salman said.
The coalition's formation comes as the West has stepped up its war against ISIS, which is also known by its Arabic acronym Daesh.
"Today there are a number of countries that suffer from terrorism, for example Daesh in Syria and Iraq; terrorism in Sinai, terrorism in Yemen, terrorism in Libya, terrorism in Mali, terrorism in Nigeria, terrorism in Pakistan, terrorism in Afghanistan and this requires a very strong effort to fight," Salman said. "Without a doubt, there will be coordination in these efforts."
Coalition's joint operations center will be based in Riyadh.
Since September 2014, the U.S. military has been the primary force leading the military campaign against ISIS.
About 80 percent of the coalition bombing has been by the United States, with some support from allies in Europe, plus Canada and Australia. In fact, the United States is dropping bombs faster than it can replenish them.
Ten Middle Eastern countries have also taken part, but it's a sensitive subject.
The Arab allies fighting against ISIS have refused to say how many airstrikes they have carried out against ISIS. Pentagon statements reveal that half the Arab countries in the coalition have carried out no bombing in Iraq and Syria at all.
Bahrain and Jordan haven't dropped any bombs in months, according to a U.S. official speaking on background about the actions of allies, and Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates bomb about once a month.
The formation of the Islamic coalition could signal a change in a region that has long left Syria and Iraq to their own devices.
The view is evolving now that ISIS has grown into a global network claiming terror attacks from Paris to Australia.
"There's been the idea that ISIS is a bigger challenge for Iran and its allies than it is for the Arab states, even though this feeling is changing now," said Fawaz Gerges, a professor of Middle Eastern Studies at the London School of Economics.
"ISIS has threatened not only Iran and the [Shia]-dominated regimes in Iraq and Syria but even the Sunni-dominated Arab states."
Any real change?
Whether the new coalition amounts to any real change in fighting ISIS remains to be seen.
"ISIS doesn't just exist in Syria and Iraq -- it has major constituency supporters in almost all Arab countries, including Saudi, Kuwait, Lebanon and Jordan. So they want to really minimize the risks," Gerges said.
It's something that has prompted many Arab states to take a low profile up to this point and could still suppress any response in the future even with the announcement of the coalition.
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