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JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) — Two Democratic members of Missouri's congressional delegation said Thursday they're seeking to reform federal programs that provide military equipment to police, responding to allegations that local law enforcement overreached by using armored vehicles and high-caliber weapons during Ferguson protests.
U.S. Sen. Claire McCaskill introduced the Protecting Communities and Police Act on Thursday, and U.S. Rep. William Lacy Clay plans to propose a companion version next week. It would create a task force to determine what sort of equipment is suitable for police and what should be prohibited.
The bill would not reduce funding but would formalize training for use of surplus military equipment and other equipment obtained by police agencies. It would prevent police from obtaining an armored vehicle known as a MRAP, though it would allow other kinds of armored vehicles.
Besides addressing the military equipment, the proposal would set aside 5 percent of grant funding from the Justice Department's Byrne-JAG grant program for body, dashboard and gun cameras — technology that has gained popularity after several fatal shootings by police officers.
"It is incredibly important that we begin to turn the page over this conflict and the us-versus-them mentality that has developed around these policing issues in our country," McCaskill said.
Protests broke out in Ferguson, a St. Louis suburb, in August, following the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown, who was black and unarmed, by a white police officer. A St. Louis County grand jury and the U.S. Department of Justice declined to prosecute the officer, Darren Wilson, who resigned in November.
The initial protests after Brown's death, and those that followed the grand jury decision in November, were often violent. Hundreds of police officers and the National Guard provided protection that included use of armored vehicles and other military-style equipment. Some protesters and civil rights advocates said police went too far in creating a militarized state in Ferguson.
Clay said the bill "directly addresses the excessive militarization of local police, which I witnessed first-hand in Ferguson."
McCaskill led hearings of the Senate Homeland Security Committee that reviewed programs providing equipment and funding to police. She said the hearing raised concerns about lack of oversight, accountability, and coordination among various programs.
McCaskill said oversight was so lax that some smaller police departments received hundreds of military weapons — far more than they needed.
McCaskill said she worked with police agencies in crafting the bill, which has support from St. Louis St. Louis County and Kansas City police.
"We must maintain the trust of our communities while being aware of and prepared for the dangers we may face," St. Louis County Police Chief Jon Belmar said.
The bill also has support from several civil rights organizations.
"Much work needs to be done to rebuild trust and the perception of integrity between many communities and their local law enforcement, and this legislation is a great leap forward," Hilary Shelton, director of the NAAACP's office in Washington and the organization's senior vice president of policy and advocacy, said in a statement.
The unrest in Ferguson raised several issues related to treatment of minority and poor residents in parts of St. Louis County. A bill passed Thursday by the Missouri Legislature would cap fines for minor traffic violations, set minimum standards for St. Louis County cities and regulate municipal court procedures.
Supporters say the measure would help restore trust in government and address the predatory revenue-generating policing practices detailed in a federal Justice Department report about Ferguson.