US pro-choice group under fire over abortion videos

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WASHINGTON (AP) — Two stealthily recorded videos show officials with a leading U.S. reproductive health organization discussing how they provide aborted fetal organs for research. The videos have put the group and its Democratic allies on the defensive.

It's unclear how long the political damage may last or whether the pro-choice group, Planned Parenthood, has broken federal law — as abortion foes contend.

What is clear is that Republicans and anti-abortion groups are giving no signs of letting the issue fade quickly. A look of what's happened and what may be ahead:



Anti-abortion activists released two videos secretly recorded in 2014 and 2015 by people posing as buyers of fetal tissue.

One video shows their conversation with Dr. Deborah Nucatola, Planned Parenthood's senior director of medical services; the other is with Dr. Mary Gatter, one of the organization's medical directors.

In both videos, the Planned Parenthood officials discuss the amounts the group charges to provide the organs and the abortion procedures used to obtain the organs.

Abortion opponents say the videos show that Planned Parenthood is illegally harvesting and selling the organs. Planned Parenthood says it has done nothing wrong and that the videos were deceptively edited to support extremists' false claims.



The business-like way the Planned Parenthood officials are seen discussing abortions, at times in grisly terms, has people from all camps wincing.

Planned Parenthood's president, Cecile Richards, has apologized for the "tone and statements." Senior Democratic Senator Harry Reid said he has seen no indication that the organization broke federal laws, but that "should be looked into." Democratic Congressman Gerald Connolly said Democrats will not abandon their support for women's reproductive rights, but "nor are we going to defend the indefensible."

Abortion foes view the video as a political boon.

"When the curtain is drawn aside and people get glimpse of what the argument is about, at the actual brutality of abortion, yes, it helps pro-life candidates," said Douglas Johnson, top lobbyist for the National Right to Life Committee, a pro-life group.



Three congressional committees are making inquiries, including the House Energy and Commerce Committee, which wants a briefing from Nucatola.

Hearings seem likely.

Numerous Republican lawmakers and presidential candidates say they want to eliminate Planned Parenthood's federal funding, which they have tried unsuccessfully before. That effort can fire up conservative voters and donors but stands little chance of surviving in the Senate or getting President Barack Obama's signature. The fight could get ensnared in a possible budget battle this fall that might threaten another government shutdown.

Planned Parenthood's most recent annual report says that of its $1.3 billion budget, $528 million comes from the government, though that includes some money from states.



Three U.S. federal laws are most frequently mentioned in arguments over whether illegality has occurred.

One bans for-profit sales of fetal tissue, but allows the provider to recover the procedure's costs.

Nucatola and Gatter discuss potential prices for providing tissue. Both say Planned Parenthood wants to cover costs and not profit.

Another law bars providers from changing "the timing, method or procedures" of abortions to recover fetal tissue for research.

Gatter mentions a "less crunchy" technique that can increase the chances of recovering intact organs and says she would not mind asking a Planned Parenthood surgeon to consider that. "They're both totally appropriate techniques, there's no difference in pain involved," she says.

A third law bans a procedure that opponents call "partial-birth abortion," in which a living fetus is partly extracted from the mother as it is aborted. Nucatola mentions that to avoid violating that ban, some doctors use the drug digoxin, which can be toxic to a fetus in sufficient amounts.

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